I like using the 5-E learning cycle model (Jensen et al., 2015) to foster student active learning. The 5-E learning cycle, which is mainly a student-centered constructivist model, consists of five learning phases (Jensen et al., 2015) (see Table 1). The first three phases (engage, explore, and explain) are used to facilitate content attainment, while the last two (elaborate, and evaluate) are the ones in which students apply the content learned.
5 E Model
Jensen, J. L., Kummer, T. A., & Godoy, P. D. D. M. (2015). Improvements from a flipped classroom may simply be the fruits of active learning. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 14(1), article 5.